Gaster, Theodor Herzl

(1906-92)
   American educator and scholar, son of Moses Gaster. He was born in London. He taught comparative religion at Dropsie College in Philadelphia and at other universities in the US. His writings include: Passover: Its History and Traditions, Purim and Hanukkah in Custom and Tradition, Thespis: Ritual, Myth, and Drama in the Ancient Near East, Festivals of the Jewish Year, Holy and Profane and New Year: Its History, Customs and Superstitions.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Theodor Gaster — Theodor Herzl Gaster (1906 1992) was a British born American Biblical scholar known for work on comparative religion, mythology and the history of religions. He is noted for his book, The Dead Sea Scriptures , about the Dead Sea Scrolls as well… …   Wikipedia

  • GASTER, MOSES — (1856–1939), rabbi, scholar, and Zionist leader. Gaster was born in Bucharest and studied at the University of Breslau and the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau, where he was ordained in 1881. He taught Romanian language and literature in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses Gaster — (1904) Moses Gaster (* 16. September 1856 in Bukarest; † 5. März 1939 bei Abingdon, England) war sephardischer Oberrabbiner (Hacham) Englands 1887–1918, jüdischer Gelehrter und Volkskundler. Er gehörte zu den ersten Chowewe Zion in Rumänien und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zionistischer Weltkongress — Ein Zionistischer Weltkongress bzw. Zionisten Kongress ist eine Zusammenkunft von Vertretern und Anhängern des Zionismus aus aller Welt. Solche Kongresse fanden seit Gründung der Zionistischen Weltorganisation (World Zionist Organisation, WZO)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zionistenkongress — Als Zionistenkongress oder Zionisten Kongress (engl. Zionist Congress), seltener auch als Zionistischer Kongress oder Zionistischer Weltkongress, wird eine Zusammenkunft von Vertretern und Anhängern des Zionismus aus aller Welt bezeichnet. Solche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WEIZMANN, CHAIM — (1874–1952), first president of the State of Israel, president of the (World) Zionist Organization (1920–31 and 1935–46), and distinguished scientist. He was born on Nov. 27, 1874 (8 Kislev 5635), in the village of Motol near Pinsk, in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TERRITORIALISM — Jewish movements in the 20th century aiming to establish an autonomous settlement of Jews in a sufficiently   large territory in which the predominant majority of the population shall be Jewish. In contrast to Zionism, Territorialism regarded… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elkan Adler — Elkan Nathan Adler (1861 1946) war ein britischer Jurist und wissenschaftlicher Reisender aus einer jüdischen Familie. Bekannt wurde er als Sammler von Hebraica und Judaica. Er war antizionistisch eingestellt und hatte im Jahr 1898, gemeinsam mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JASSY — (Rom. Iasi), city in N.E. Romania, capital of the former principality of Moldavia from 1565. The community of Jassy was the oldest in Moldavia. Jews first settled there in the second half of the 15th century because of its position on the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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